Georgian Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Elections of the President of Georgian Academy of Agricultural Sciences

 

The Results of the Elections of the President of Georgian Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Archevnebi 2018 6

The President of Georgian Academy of Agricultural Sciences

President, Academician Guram Aleksidze

On March 23, 2018, a meeting of the members of the Academy was held and the agenda included election of the president of theArchevnebi 2018 3 Academy. The meeting was headed by a chairperson, Vice President of the Academy, Academician Givi Japaridze. March 12, 2018, was the deadline for nominating the candidates for presidency. Only one candidate was nominated for the position of the president of the Academy – Academician, Guram Aleksidze.

The head of Election Committee, Acad. Nodar Chitanava presented to the meeting participants the personal documents of Guram Aleksidze which were in full conformity with the requirements outlined in the legal documents of the Academy.

The head of Election Committee also read out G. Aleksidze’s biography at the meeting.

G. Aleksidze presented his Program regarding further development of scientific and educational activities of the Academy for 2018-2022. The program raised live interest among the meeting participants and was approved unanimously.

The elections were held by secret balloting system and out of 30 participants of the meeting – 29 cast vote for Academician Guram Aleksidze. One bulletin was considered void. Therefore, Georgian Academy of Agricultural Sciences elected Academician Guram Aleksidze, a Real Member of the Academy, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor, as a President of the Academy for five years.

The Head of the Meeting, Acad. Givi Japaridze

The meeting participants and the staff of the Academy congratulate Guram aleksidze with the election and wish him success in his scientific pedagogical and social activities.

The Program for Accomplishment of the Activities of GAAS

The Program fo

r Accomplishment of the Activities of Georgian Academy of Agricultural
Sciences

Academician Guram Aleksidze, 2018-2022

Summary

   Following the Regulation adopted by Georgian Parliament which states that main function of Georgian Academy of Agricultural Sciences is to coordinate scientific work conducted by research institutes in agrarian sphere, the role of the Academy, as a an advisor of Georgian government, is increasing and attaining particular significance.

One of the major directions today in agriculture is developing modern technologies for production of ecologically pure agricultural products and their application in production process. Scientific work of the researchers of the Academy is concentrated on solution of this problem.

   For the last five years, a number of important activities have been carried out by the Academy, such as, a. Coordination between research institutions has been increased; b. Mutually beneficial scientific – research contacts have been set up with foreign scientific-research organizations;           c. Number of international scientific conferences have been held dedicated to urgent problems in agriculture; d. The strategy of development of agriculture and its implementation have been worked out; and e. Some recommendations with instructions on actual problems for farmers have been published and disseminated. The academy also organizes annual contests to reveal the best scientist of the year and the best research conducted in the field of agriculture.

Based on above said, it could be stated that the Academy is occupying the niche which is important for its effective functioning. Though a significant progress has been achieved in recent period by the Academy, number of actual problems is yet to be solved.

I will start with organization problems:

   1. The Academy should become a significant scientific-research center which will comprise other research organizations. Though there are some scientific-research centers functioning at the Ministry of Agriculture and at Georgian Technical University working on solving agro-technological problems, we believe that scientific-research centers of agro-technology, agro-engineering, cattle breeding, veterinary, and food production, processing and keeping should be also developed within the system of the Academy.

   Such systems are successfully functioning on China, South Korea, Rumania, Ukraine, Belarus, Hungary, Russia and other countries. We consider developing the abovementioned form of organization necessary, and our assumptions will be presented to Georgian government.

It is evident that, the branches of agrarian sciences, such as agro-biotechnology, plant and animal selection, prediction of spread of pest and disease, modeling of bio-systems, agro-biodiversity, and other are to be developed within the Academy system; otherwise, we will not be able to carry out scientific research work in line with modern requirements, and will miss the opportunity to raise a new generation of researchers in the agrarian field. To address this problem, government involvement and financial support is important.

   2. It is necessary to create a new department for “Implementation of modern technologies” at the Academy which will assist the process of implementation of the measurements and recommendations for improvement, which was worked out by our scientific departments, in farming process. The scheme will be as follows: The members of the Academy after consulting with the Presidium of the Academy, will discuss the problems of practical importance with farmers, and the innovations will be implemented in cooperation with farmers and producers.

By the end of each year, obtained results will be summarized, consequently, implementation measures will be worked out. Recommended methods and approaches will guarantee establishment of close cooperation between the scientific workers and producers, and the farmers will ultimately promote implementation of the research results.

   In the process of dissemination, media plays important role. A potential of local media, and particularly of a new TV channel - Saperavi TV, focused on agrarian problems, is not yet fully used. It should be widely applied for dissemination of the information prepared by the Academy. Through TV channel, we should deliver to rural population useful information about new technologies and measures to be taken according to different seasons. A good example is a TV Series about Asian Brown Marmorated stink Bug and the agricultural measures carried out against it. Regular repetition of the programs should be defined according to the needs and demands.

I think, this function should be undertaken by the Department of Technologies of the Academy.

   Also, the Department should study the problems of diagnostics of diseases and soil fertility. These two problems are crucial, so to effectively address this problem, the Department should have modern equipment and should be staffed with new scientific workers. Production of Agricultural products needs most updated information. The Department which will provide required innovations to the production will be working on self-financing.

3. The Center for Raising Qualification of Farmers and Specialists needs to be more active unit to broaden and enhance its scope of work. Necessary infrastructure has already been organized at the Academy for the Center to carry out more fruitful and active work. Such as, work out training programs and select qualified trainers. These training courses will soon be working on self-financing. At present, the problem is that we do not have resources for our teachers/ trainers and they do not get any salary. This problem should be also solved together with the Ministry of Agriculture.

   4. We consider it necessary to set up a Scientific Council which will be responsible for selecting and approving the Board in different directions of agrarian sciences. We hope the work of such boards in the Academy will enhance the reputation and prestige of the Academy, and will assist to the training and preparing of young researchers; The latter is becoming a serious problem which should be managed appropriately.

   A new regulation about science development also deals with the Academy, accordingly, we should be given necessary financing to attract scholarships for young researchers working in the field of agrarian sciences. It will be a way of systematically enhancing the staff of the Academy. The young researchers will continue their career in the system of Academy and become a staff member.

   5. The best way to get scientific information and then share and use it is to participate in international scientific conferences. The Academy also has some achievements in this direction, we have organized and hosted five international Conferences for the last five years which were sponsored by Shota Rustaveli Foundation. I want to focus on the most recent Conference “Viticulture and Winemaking in European Countries: Historical Aspects and Perspectives”, held in October 2017.   The Conference once again demonstrated the importance of collaboration in scientific researches. The articles presented by Georgian and foreign researchers which were the result of their teamwork testified the historical importance of ancient Georgian vine.

     In the nearest future, we are planning to organize international Conference on the following topics: “Georgia –one of the birthplaces of cultivated wheat” (the end of May, 2018), and another conference will be dedicated to the most urgent problem: “Asian Armored Bug – significant threat to agriculture and forests”. (October, 2018). Specialists, scientists and practitioners from many countries will be invited.

   The Academy will be hosting a Seminar on the problems of viticulture and winemaking in collaboration with the Academy of Agricultural Sciences of China. Preparation for the seminar is started and it will take place this year.

As we have mentioned, it is very important that the Academy is involved in international projects, for example, the development of Ajara mountainous region development project. Groundwork for participation in European projects has been carried out, the researchers of the Academy will be involved in joint scientific projects and get some reimbursement. The project will last a few years and it will embrace more than one areas.

   6.   Particular attention in my presentation is paid to the problem of further enhancement of coordination of researches in agrarian sciences. For this purpose, we have signed agreements with most universities and governmental and private organizations and enterprises working on the problems of agriculture. The Academy will continue working in this direction. We are planning to organize “Partners’ Alliance” and invite all participants to share our viewpoint and future plans on various problem. These meeting could be held once in two years and short summaries of each meeting will be published in a brochure. We also suggest setting up a “Board of Partners” and inviting one representative from each partner organization as a board member to direct the activities and make decisions. It will create opportunity to supervise and coordinate the work done by the partner organizations, as well as define the further plans and directions.

   7. We shall start large scale work on complex development of regional agriculture. The Academy has accumulated some valuable experience in this area. We carried out consultations with experienced experts, Academicians Nodar Chitanava and Omar Keshelashvili and outlined the action plan. The regional problems and main directions of development (cultures, processing plants) should be discussed together with the representatives of regions who are members of Academy now.

The members of Georgian Parliament show live interest towards this problem which will be solved successfully in case the Academy sets mutually beneficial agreements with the regional governments and relevant bodies.

8. One of the core objectives of the Academy is to prepare for publication and publish scientific literature. Last year we published two books in viticulture and horticulture. We are planning to publish also books on vegetables, subtropical cultures, grain cultures, and other. Also, we agree with Acad. A. Didebulidze, who suggested publication of Dictionary of Terminology in Agriculture (It is advisable to work on English - Georgian - Russian language dictionary). The Academy has purchased printing equipment which made our Yearly Account to be published on high holographic level.

9. Some existed disadvantage which should be addressed in the nearest future – is low salaries of our academicians and secretaries. Increase of their payment is one of the actual problems, and though we have received a promise from government about increase of salary, it remains unsolved till present. We shall raise this problem again with the hope to get desired result.  

We hope that fulfillment of above mentioned activities and those which will arise in future in the course of work will further enhance scientific work carried out by the Academy; It will create basis for complex development of agriculture of the country and increase the effectiveness of agricultural industry.

Seminar conducted by Shota Rustaveli Scientific Foundation

Seminar conducted by Shota Rustaveli Scientific Foundation at

Georgian Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Rustavelis Fondi 2

Seminar conducted by Shota Rustaveli Scientific Foundation at

Georgian Academy of Agricultural Sciences

On March 20, 2018, at GAAS, a practical seminar was organized by Shota Rustaveli Scientific Foundation and Clarivate Analytics on the topic how to apply a new on-line publication - Web of Science. The Seminar was directed by Head of Educational Program, Valentin Bogorov and a representative of Foundation Ms. Natalia Gverdtsiteli. The members of the Academy participated in the seminar and got a detailed information about the internet Web site and some practical skills how to apply it. The online publication offers the world’s most recent publications as well as books, articles, monographs, and researches from the previous century ( 1990-2017) in various fields.  

Rustavelis Fondi 1

Academician Tengiz Kurashvili - 70 year anniversary

            Dear Mr. Tengiz,

Kurashvili 70

 

 

 

 

Georgian Academy of Agricultural Sciences cordially congratulates you with the 70-year jubilee of fruitful scientific work and 45-year of successful pedagogical activity. We wish you to continue your resourceful and creative activities for many years in the best aspiration for the wellbeing and interest of our country.  

 

International Conference

International Conference in the Exhibition Center Expo Georgia, Tbilisi

Halotomorpha halys (marmorated stink bug) – Global Challenge:

 International Experience and the best ways for solving the problems

Parosana

On the 8th of March in the Hall of Exhibition Center Expo Georgia, International Conference dedicated to the management of the problem caused by Halotomorpha halys was held which was organized by International organization USAID REAP and TRECE Inc.

The President of GAAS, Academician G. Aleksidze and Dr. A. Giorgadze participated in the Conference. The Conference participants were welcomed by the President of Georgian National Academy of Sciences Giorgi Kvesitadze and the Academician Gural Aleksidze. Also Bill W. Lingren, pfesident and CEO of Trace Inc ( USA), and Shamenna Gall, USAID, Economic Growth Office Deputy Director (USA) delivered welcoming speeches at the opening ceremony of the conference.

The researchers and the scientists from different countries, such as US, Italy, Russia, Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan participated in the Conference.

  Academician G. Aleksidze in his speech underlined the importance of sharing information by American scientists who have many-year experience fighting against Halotomorpha halys. A good example of such cooperation is the assistance of Turkish researchers who shared their experience to their Georgian colleagues how to achieve success in the fight against different insects. 

The presentations delivered at the Conference dealt with Biodiversity in Caucasus, ( Prof. Arnold Gegechkori, Tbilisi State University); biological characteristics  of Halotomorpha halys ( Dr. M. Murvanidze, Institute of Entimology, Agrarian University); Experience in fight against  Halotomorpha halys , and the plans for the coming season ( presenter Andria Catani, Italy); The Advanced monitoring system for monitoring the spread of Halotomorpha halys ( Bill Lingren, USA); Pheromone trap-based thresholds for brown marmorated stink bug: history and current status. ( Dr. Cris Berg, Virginia Technical University ( USA);

Dr. Zurab Khidasheli, Scientific Research Center of Agriculture, presented Preliminary Results of Testing some Insecticides against BMSB in Western Georgia. Dr. Manana Kakhadze, Georgian Agrarian University, talked about Preliminary data on Agriculture crops protection from BMSB by using of mycopesticides in Georgia.

Dr. Archil Chirakadze, Georgian Technical University, - article dealt with of marmorated stinkbug management options for commercial farmers. Dr. Chris Berg, Virginia State University, USA, presented two article under the title:  Attract and Kill for brown marmorated stinkbug:  promising results from Mid - Atlantic., and the second one: Opportunities to reduce brown marmorated stink bug populations during its dispersal to overwintering sites.

The Conference participants Nikoloz Meskhi, Food National Agency of Environment Protection and Agriculture shared his opinion regarding Scientific Aspects of the BMSB State Strategy.

Dr. Kim Holmer, USA “Prospects for Biological Control of Brown Marmorated Stink bug”.

Dr. Phillip G. Mulder, Jn. USA, presented the results of his research - “ Challendes in developing an area-wide approach to management of the brown marmorated stink bug in Georgian hazelnuts.

 At the end of the Conference the participants summed up the results of the work and concluded that the presentations were very interesting which will hopefully be shared by the government representatives and the farmers who have to continue their fight against the brown marmorated stink bug.

 

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